B-12, an Essential Vitamin
Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, is an important water-soluble vitamin ( 1 ). It plays an essential role in the production of your red blood cells and DNA, as well as the proper functioning of your nervous system. Vitamin B12 is naturally found in animal foods, including meats, fish, poultry, eggs and dairy.
- Keep the body’s nerve and blood cells healthy
- Make DNA, the genetic material in all cells
- Prevent a type of anemia, that makes people tired and weak.
Vitamin B12 Injection [Cyanocobalamin]
Cyanocobalamin, or vitamin B12, is a B-vitamin. It is found in a variety of foods such as fish, shellfish, meats, and dairy prod- ucts. Deficiency in healthy individuals is rare; the elderly, strict vegetarians (i.e., vegan), and patients with malabsorption prob- lems are more likely to become deficient. If vitamin B12 deficiency is not treated with a vitamin B12 supplement, then anemia, intestinal problems, and irreversible nerve damage may occur. Oral therapy is not always effective, as some persons lack in- trinsic factor, an endogenous substance produced by the stomach and necessary for oral B12 absorption.
Vitamin B12 [Methylcobalamin] Injection
Methylcobalamin, or vitamin B12, is a B-vitamin. It is found in a variety of foods such as fish, shellfish, meats, and dairy prod- ucts. Although methylcobalamin and vitamin B12 are terms used interchangeably, vitamin B12 is also available as hydroxoco- balamin, a less commonly prescribed drug product (see Hydroxocobalamin monograph), and methylcobalamin. Methylcobala- min is used to treat pernicious anemia and vitamin B12 deficiency, as well as to determine vitamin B12 absorption in the Schil- ling test.